Author(s): Tetiana Kobzieva, Olha Bezpalova, Tetiana Ridel, Serhii Markin, Vitalii Serohin
The article reveals the role and essence of whistleblowing as a mechanism for countering offenses. The author disclosed that the institute of whistleblowers is an object of scientific and legal studies. Prerequisites for the development of a draft Directive of the European Parliament and the Union “On the protection of persons reporting on breaches of Union law” were considered (Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council “On the protection of persons reporting on breaches of Union law”), which aims to enhance the protection of whistleblowers as a means of illegal actions disclosure and promotion of compliance with EU legislation. It was determined that there is no single view on the role of whistleblowers in society, the need to encourage whistleblowers, the acquisition of the status of whistleblower, and most importantly legal protection. It is advisable to develop a separate legal act and a legal doctrine for the protection of the rights of whistleblowers. The conclusions indicate that the ethical and legal framework for the protection of the whistleblower provides for the normative consolidation of effective guarantees for both the whistleblowers and those who are exposed to whistleblowing.