Author(s): Wan Mohd Khairul Firdaus Wan Khairuldin, Wan Nur Izzati Wan Nor Anas, Abdul Hanis Embong, Shahir Akram Hassan, Mohd Shukri Hanapi, Daud Ismail
Mufti is an individual who becomes the main reference of Muslim community regarding Islamic laws. Mufti also declares a fatwa when there is arising problem or confusion related to Islamic laws among the community. Therefore, fatwa is very essential in explaining the rules related to Islamic laws to the community. Due to the fact that fatwa is an explanation of law and it has its own authority, it is a must for a mufti to have his own ethics in declaring a fatwa so that the published fatwa aligns with the laws of Islam. However, a question rises among the community in which what is the form of ethics for a mufti in declaring a fatwa. Hence, to answer the question, this article has two main objectives. First, to explain the definition and function of a mufti. Second, to determine the ethics of a mufti in the declaration of fatwa. To achieve the two objectives, documentation method was performed. Documentation method was done to obtain data related to fatwa through books. The collected data used content analysis to clarify the ethics of a mufti in declaring the fatwa according to Islam. The findings of this study indicated that mufti is bound to the ethics in producing fatwa based on Islam. The ethics comprises of three levels which before, during and after a declaration of fatwa.