Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research (Print ISSN: 1533-3590; Online ISSN: 1533-3604)

Short commentary: 2022 Vol: 23 Issue: 1

Challenges of Foreign Direct Investement on Society

Hernandez Ugolini, University of the Witwatersrand

Citation Information: Ugolini, H. (2022). Challenges of foreign direct investment on society. Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research, 23(1), 1-2.


FDI, GDP, Development, Financial.


The nexus between outside coordinate speculation (FDI) and financial development has remained vexing and uncertain within the history of pre and post-liberalisation ponders of improvement financial matters. In spite of the fact that the endogenous development hypothesis, one of the most punctual speculations in this respect, forecasts a positive FDI to financial development relationship, this hypothetical hypothesis has not continuously been coincided by observational results. For all intents and purposes Borensztein et al. (1998). FDI-growth relationship cannot be summed up basically since it is profoundly subject to change with changing organization, arrangement and administrative environment. Eminently, of late, the advancement financial analysts from developing and developed economies have started to figure it out another vital cause of heterogeneity in findings over economies, that's, the sectoral composition of inward-FDI. Ensuing ponders commonly highlight that the sector-wise deteriorated FDI features a bearing on the affect it would apply on the financial development handle (Chakraborty & Nunnenkamp, 2008).

Within the setting of India, as per the as of late accessible information on Indian economy (Source: Sector-wise commitment of GDP of India,, Recovered 22.04.2018), essential segment accounts for as it were 17.32 per cent of net esteem included (GVA) of the country’s economy (Engle & Granger,1987). The auxiliary segment of the economy speaks to the fabricating segment, and it contributes to 29.02 per cent of add up to GVA of the nation. Besides sectoral commitment to national yield, not at all like other rising economies, another eminent point of cross-sectoral contrast of Indian economy lies in their potential to form a spillover impact and the capacity to make intra-sectoral and inter-sectoral linkage inside the economy. Agreeing to World Speculation Report (Joined together Countries Conference on Exchange and Advancement [UNCTAD], 2001), in an economy, the linkage potential varies over segments.

The final decade has seen a surge in FDI. Between 2000 and 2016, FDI stocks developed from 22% of world GDP to 35%. FDI, which is characterized as a circumstance where a firm possesses at slightest 10% of a company found in a distinctive country, is carried out by MNEs, which contribute overseas either through greenfield ventures (GIs), i.e. the setting-up of auxiliaries overseas, or through M&As. FDI has the potential to bring a few benefits to the beneficiary nation. The entry of MNEs in a nation can cultivate proficiency through expanded competition (Granger, 1969). It can to create positive efficiency spill overs as MNEs coordinated household firms into their generation forms through forward and in reverse linkages. In expansion, MNEs tend to form unused innovation accessible and give get to modern markets, making strides the preparing and capabilities of the nearby workforce and expanding compensation and work. The degree of these positive results will depend incompletely on the have country’s absorptive capacity.


Borensztein, E., De Gregorio, J., & Lee, J.W. (1998). How does foreign direct investment affect economic growth. Journal of International Economics45(1), 115-135.

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Chakraborty, C., & Nunnenkamp, P. (2008). Economic reforms, FDI, and economic growth in India: a sector level analysis. World Development, 36(7), 1192-1212.

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Engle, R.F., & Granger, C.W. (1987). Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 251-276.

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Granger, C.W. (1969). Investigating causal relations by econometric models and cross spectral methods. Econ metrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 424-438.

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Received: 05-Jan-2022, Manuscript No. JEEER-22-11336; Editor assigned: 07-Jan-2022, PreQC No. JEEER-22-11336(PQ); Reviewed: 20-Jan-2022, QC No. JEEER-22-11336; Revised: 24-Jan-2022, Manuscript No. JEEER-22-11336(R); Published: 29-Jan-2022

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